The Causes of Gum Disease

Teeth infographic Gum disease stages gingivitis and periodontitis. Editable vector illustration in flat style. Medical concept in natural colors on background. Keep your teeth healthy Taunton MA Dentist

You’ve probably heard of gum disease (also referred to as periodontal disease), but what causes it, how is it treated, and how do you prevent it?

Gum Health


You can tell gums are healthy when they are nicely fitted around your teeth and the gums are a light shade of pink and are without any inflammation.


Gingivitis is a milder form of periodontal disease. Signs of gingivitis include irritation that causes gums to bleed, swell and appear red.


Periodontitis is a severe version of gum disease. It is a severe infection in your gums that can lead to serious health problems including bone and tooth loss.

Signs of Gum Disease

Gum disease is primarily caused by plaque build-up after a person has neglected to brush and floss regularly. There are additional factors that may contribute to periodontal disease such as hormonal changes, family history, a history of tobacco use, and diet.

What Are the Symptoms of Periodontal Disease?

There are a few subtle warning signs that you may have periodontal disease. Thy are:

  • Your gums bleed when you brush or floss and continue afterword.
  • Deep pockets form between the teeth and the gums.
  • Loosening or shifting teeth.
  • Tender or swollen gums
  • Bad breath


Gingivitis can be treated and prevented by maintaining good oral hygiene practices and attending all scheduled dental and hygiene appointments.

Periodontitis cannot be cured. It can only be treated so prevention is key in combatting gum disease. It is important to catch the problem before it progresses, so again, start practicing proper oral hygiene today. Brush and floss two times a day. Attend regular visits at a dentist near you. Poor diet and smoking can also be a leading factor in gum disease.

If you are in the Massachusetts or Rhode Island area please consider the dental office of Mark R. Turner, DDS. in Taunton for your one stop shop for all your dental needs.

Book an Appointment today!


Book your Appointment Today!